When dredging or pumping silt to a silt retention basin or to geo-textile dewatering bags there are a lot of techniques and issues envolved. Specificallty, the type of sediment and the relative particle size; the type of polymers used (if any), and the chosen site for receiving and dewatering the sediment.
If a settling basin or containment is not readily available then geo-textile bags are ultilized. In this case a polymer, coagulant or flocculant is required to instantly clarify the water and prevent the silt from plugging the pours of the dewatering fabric.
Below are various articles found on the internet discussing the options, potential toxicity and methods of using polymers. These articles are readily found on the internet; you can do internet research by looking up any of the key words in combination with polymers; or you can refer to the PDF articles assembled below.