Dredging & Silt Retention Articles

When dredging or pumping silt to a silt retention basin or to geo-textile dewatering bags there are a lot of techniques and issues envolved.  Specificallty, the type of sediment and the relative particle size; the type of polymers used (if any), and the chosen site for receiving and dewatering the sediment.


If a settling basin or containment is not readily available then geo-textile bags are ultilized.  In this case a polymer, coagulant or flocculant is required to instantly clarify the water and prevent the silt from plugging the pours of the dewatering fabric.


Below are various articles found on the internet discussing the options, potential toxicity and methods of using polymers.  These articles are readily found on the internet; you can do internet research by looking up any of the key words in combination with polymers; or you can refer to the PDF articles assembled below.


Lake Dredging
Here is a very concise article on what is involved with dredging a lake. It is published by the Illinois EPA.
Adobe Acrobat document [1.1 MB]
Sludge Dewatering
This is an excellent article that goes through the many aspects and options of dewatering sludge. It is produced by SNF Mining which is the worlds largest manufacture of polymer flocculants.
Adobe Acrobat document [941.9 KB]
Chemical Coagulants and Flocculants - Sediment Control Technique
This is a great fact sheet which overviews particle sizes of clay and colloids as well as the polymers that are used to clarify the water and precipitate these silt particles.
Chemical coagulants and flocculants fact[...]
Adobe Acrobat document [94.0 KB]
Positive Impact of Polymers on SedimentTreatment and Handling
A good academic paper on impact of using polymers when working with silt and sediments.
The Positive Impact of Polymers on Sedim[...]
Adobe Acrobat document [1.4 MB]
Some proven benefits of Polymer use in the treatment of sediments
Article in Terra et Aqua on various projects that used polymers and the positive benefits that resulted.
Some proven benefits of-polymer use in t[...]
Adobe Acrobat document [1.7 MB]
Ecotoxicity of Cationic Polymers
This is a small review of the research by Lagoon Pumping & Dredging when asked to comment on the toxicity of using polymers in lakes that have aquatic fish life. The cited article "Overview of the Effects of Residual Flocculants on Aquatic Receiving Environments" is available on the next article on our website following this PDF download.
Ecotoxicity of Cationic Polymers.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [68.7 KB]
Overview of the Effects of Residual Flocculants on Aquatic Receiving Environments
This is a great article on the ecotoxicological effects on the environment, specifically that of aquatic life in lake and sea environments.
Overview of the effects of residual floc[...]
Adobe Acrobat document [178.8 KB]
Safety Data Sheet on the Cationic Polymer FBS 10909
This is the common polymer used when clarifying water from silt and sediment removed from ponds, lakes and other natural bodies of water. It is cationic or has a positive charge which will attract the negatively charged sediment, silt, clay, colloids and turbidity of the lake or pond. This will help clarify the water and cause flocculation of the silt particles which then easily drop out of suspension and stay in the geo-textile dewatering bags.
FBS 10909 SDS.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [367.8 KB]
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